Education is one of the important factors in shaping a country’s future. Education policies make a huge impact on the future of an individual. A country with well-developed education sector will definitely live up to its potential and become a progressive state, while a country with low-developed education sector will definitely be a backward, poorling country. Education Policy is a term that describes the policy frameworks and reforms that guide the functioning of universities and colleges. The different policies include admissions policies, institutional improvements, financial aid policies, student-teacher ratio, faculty recruitment policies, student-faculty ratio and research activities.
All the states of United States implement different policies concerning education. They have different types of higher educational policies such as public policy, private policy and scholarship policy. Academic & University rankings are rankings of colleges and universities that have been judged on the basis of different combinations of different factors. Academic & University rankings help students in finding out the top 100 universities and colleges in their respective state or region.
Policy makers, educators and researchers involved in the education sector lay stress on the need for reform in the education policies. Educational reforms aim at making the processes of education more rational, transparent and democratic. Reforms also focus at making the educational practices interesting and worthwhile. Policy makers, educators and researchers consider that educational policy should cover all the educational policies including admission policies, teaching practices, academic staffing policies, budgetary policies and other policies that are implemented for improving the quality of education in the educational sector.
Admission Policy: Every educational institution has its own admissions policy that admits students. The procedure of admission into higher education institutions varies from one state to another. Generally, higher education institutions admit students based on their performance in the class. A student’s performance is evaluated by marks that he or she earns throughout the academic year. A student who has high marks throughout the academic year is likely to get admission into higher education institutions.
Policies related to academic staffing: The policies related to academic staffing are very important at higher education institutions. There are a lot of demands for teachers at these institutions. At a basic level, teachers are categorized into different categories such as principal, professor, assistant professor, teacher and other instructional staffs. The main functions of these teachers are inspection of academic progress of students, guidance and training of other instructors, supervision and evaluation of students’ performance in the academic curriculum.
Academic Policies: Academic policies address the selection of lecturers, students, instructors, line managers, educational consultant etc. The policies also involve the selection of teaching staffs, student aid, academic and co-curricular activities, school administration etc. Education sector now-a-days is engaged in a large scale research activity. This has resulted in the coming up of education-related journals and magazines.
Scholarships and Grants schemes: These days, almost every sector of the economy is coming up with diversified industries. However, few sectors are quite visible such as education, health care and engineering. At present, education is receiving an increasing amount of funding. The major chunk of education funding comes from federal grants and loans. In fact, there are many new educational scholarship schemes introduced by the federal government every year.
The education sector is one of the few sectors that has seen an increase in employment during the past few years. Moreover, the demand for higher education is increasing at a faster rate as well, due to the growing complexities in the modern world. Therefore, now-a-days, it is considered to be one of the lucrative jobs available in the world.